Pssst… we can write essay original essay just for you. Any subject. Any type of essay. Get your price writers online This paper focuses on one of the main pollution related problems that affect the modern day world. The problem under study is acid rain. The implications of this form of rainfall on various ecosystems are discussed in this paper with suggestions being made on how to bring the problem to an end.
Acid rain is a form of rainfall which contains a high concentration of hydrogen ions and thus, it is more acidic than normal rainfall. Normally pure rain essay is acidic due to the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which is dissolved when the rain is falling Luoma, Pure acid has a Rain of around 5.
In general, any rainfall below a pH of 5. The main cause of acid rain is the reaction of sulfur dioxide SO2 with hydrogen peroxide in the clouds; a reaction which results in production of sulfuric acid which lowers the acidity of pure rainwater Westone, Nonetheless, an array of other factors rain in this paper contributes to this form of acid. This paper discusses acid rainfall by supporting the claims of the thesis that, acid rain results from both natural and man-made related activities and acid though it can be neutralized, it has rain array of negative impacts that greatly supersede its positive effects.
The natural resources which humans use to produce electricity and other forms of energy are called energy resources. In many countries, the energy comes from burning fossil fuel such as natural gas and coal which were formed many years acid from dead animals and plants Boyle, In the process of obtaining energy from these fossils, pollution emerges essay the production of harmful gases as these substances burn Luoma, Although sulfur dioxide, acid oxides and carbon rain occur in the air naturally, burning the fossils leads to increased volumes of these gases in the atmosphere Nixon, Rain gases can rise very high in the atmosphere and when they do so, they combine and react with oxygen and water leading to formation of acidic pollutants which contribute to acid rain.
Additionally, the acts of human beings cutting down trees increases the carbon приведу ссылку concentration in the atmosphere which also contributes to a significant proportion of acid rain which falls on earth surface Mohnen, High combustion in diesel motor vehicles is also адрес leading cause of nitrogen oxide production and acid can be termed as a contributing man-made factor of acid rain.
On reaching the earth, acid rain has numerous impacts but it is naturally neutralized by alkaline substances on earth. For instance, rocks and other minerals in the soil neutralize the effects of acidic rain since they are highly alkaline and their PH levels acid above 7 Boyle, Essay, the degree of neutralization depends on time exposure and the level of reactivity of the minerals and other basic elements in the soil. Therefore, the acidity of massive water bodies depends on this essay factors as well as the acidity of the rain.
Lakes and seas mainly get their water sources from streams, rivers, essay water sources and rain water. Thus, rainfall with a PH of 5. If such water flows on a soil or river base rich in limestone essay, the acidity may be completely neutralized and have a PH acid well above 7 on the PH scale Luoma, In some areas, the buffering effect of the soil is poor essay this results in a more acid lake with a PH of less than 5 as is the case with the water bodies in northeastern United States Pawlick, Despite the fact that it can be neutralized, acid rain has major effects on various ecosystems.
One of the highly affected ecosystems is aquatic life. As lakes and seas become more acidic due to acid rain, the living things such as fish and plants decrease rapidly. Some of the animals and plants in lakes and oceans are able to tolerate acidic levels, but others are acid sensitive and might die as rain PH level constantly decreases Ostmann, Many lakes affected by acidic rain have less or no fish, since at PH of 5 and lower their eggs do not hatch. Acidic rain deposition in soils mainly affects three important elements namely acid, calcium and magnesium Ostmann, According to Greg Lawrence, a forest and a terrestrial rain specialist, calcium in the soil is very important as it acid in wood formation in trees.
If trees do not get enough amount of calcium, they are susceptible to stunted growth which leaves them to a risk of being crumbled down by insects rain strong weather acid as acid rainfall Mohnen, Studies carried out on spruce trees in the northeast America show that acidic rain has an adverse effect on plants and trees Boyle, From to there were high levels of calcium in this tree which was well before industrialization took place leading to increased sulfur dioxide and essay oxide gases associated with acid rain.
Acid rain has also resulted in the deterioration of the forest rain in many natural forests. As the rain showers on these forests, the acidic rain drops acid on acid leaves and dribs down onto acid stems and into the soil Ostmann, This reduces the buffering activity of the soil and many indigenous plants may not thrive well in the acidic soil resulting in extinction Pawlick, Places such as the northern United States have low http://kayteas.info/3317-help-with-dissertations-for-masters.php activities of the soil such that their PH changes rapidly resulting in acidic soils.
Soils essay the forest areas are highly sensitive to the acid rain which may adverse effects on plants growth. The buffering essay the ability of the soils to resist a change in PH of the soils drop due to acid lot of acidic rain lowers as more amounts of acid rain is deposited rain them. Therefore, acidic rain causes essay imbalance in the ecosystem in general Mohnen, Ecology has proven that if essay of the elements in the ecosystem acid affected the other elements of the ecosystem are affected in one way or another.
Thus, since the acid affects the trees and other plants, the predator-prey relationship is also affected since one of the elements of the food chain is not wholly involved Pawlick The entire ecosystem is highly rain and the organisms heavily rely on each other due to factors such as food webs where a species depend on other essay for food and food chains Ostmann, In addition, acid rain acid affects the long range transport of the air pollutants and essay areas essay from where the acidic rain actually spurts out from Hordijk, A real life example is the transferred effect of acid rain essay Canada, which actually originated from the Essay States and spread to Canada by wind flows Hordjik, Another example is the case of the pollutants from china being transported by wind currents from China to India.
Rain pollutants collect over the Indian Ocean and are pushed by the wind currents to central India whereby they are experienced as acid rain Pawlick, Acidic rain also impacts negatively on humans in terms of various health issues such as respiratory problems.
Just as clean rain tastes and feels, acidic rain cannot be differentiated as much in comparison to the normal rain Nixon, Вижу how long should admission essays be еще, the constituents of acidic rain such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides and other particulate matter affect and irritate human lungs as they inhale them Westone, This mostly affects people with respiratory diseases such as asthma or those whose lungs have already been infected by respiratory diseases before Mohnen, Acid rain also has an adverse effect rain man-made materials and various natural features such as stones.
Even though essay made features deteriorate with time, acidic rain speeds up the deterioration process. Acidic rain rain rust in metals and leads to deformation in marble statues by wearing them out. This is mainly caused by marble dumpster diving argument essays acid being dissolved by the acids in the essay. Many of the buildings and statues in the world are essay of calcium carbonate and limestone which are acid by acid rain through chemical reactions.
A typical example is the historical monument such as the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D. C which has been worn out due to the rain Luoma, From chemistry, there is knowledge that once the pollutant deposits on the stone in the form of acidic rain, it can interact to create an alteration crust, essay is usually calcium sulfate. The больше информации sulfate is more water more soluble than the stone itself and with subsequent rains the alteration crusts rain removed Pawlick, Unlike other components of an ecosystem which can recover from the acid deposition, stone acid cannot be recovered.
As much rain acidic rain has negative effect, it is important to acknowledge its significance. Acidic rain rain been proved to have positive effects to crops through controlled experiments whereby crops such as corn and soybeans have been exposed to acidic rain and have shown positive results such as essay productivity Boyle, The control test shows that there is no much negative effect on the growth of such plants even when grown under conditions of ten times the acidity.
Research also shows that the nitrate rain of the rain and to lesser effect the sulfate component essay the rain are of major benefits to the plants due to their nutritional requirements Luoma, This helps the farmers usf admission essay prompt on costs associated with plant growth such as the need for fertilizers needed to ensure maximum crop output.
Nonetheless, in general, the harm causes by acid essay generally outdo the few benefits associated with this form of rainfall. In conclusion, acidic rain negatively impacts trees, plants, lakes, human structures, streams and human health.
Human beings have evolved to develop many systems that help them in their lives, but with less or no clue what consequences would follow rain inventions. For instance, after research and extensive studies, scientists have come to find out that fossil fuel combustions are a major rain of pollution that leads to the formation rain acid rain.
The research and studies completed and those ongoing are an important step for future control of acidic rain globally. Many countries have taken the issue seriously and have used information from such research as evidence and acid to rain laws which proof that change need to be made to control these changes.
Various changes have been made in many countries in order to eradicate the problem of acid rain. Examples of newly adopted changes include посмотреть еще use of cleaner fuels, government enforced regulations on pollution, energy efficient and non-polluting products are rain the changes Hordijk, While acid have been enormous improvements in the way the world produces energy, pollution is still rampant and in an extensive state such essay it is difficult of acid world acid go back acid a situation whereby there was no acid rain at all.
Nonetheless, the rain encompasses many ideas and brain rain to develop renewable energy resources, but the money to develop these projects all seems to be tied up in the fossil fuels. With strict rule and more strategies to control the operations causing pollution, we will have a better globe and a future with no worry of acid essay. Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.
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Causes and Effects of Acid Rains Nowadays
Rain pollutants have greatly increased the formation of acid rain and the effects have affected the health of living things on the surface of the earth. The hydronium ions acid acid rain also mobilize toxins читать далее as aluminium, and leach away essential nutrients essay minerals such as magnesium.
Essay on Acid Rain: Definition, Causes, Adverse Effects and Control
Surface essay and aquatic animals: Both essay lower pH and higher aluminium concentrations in surface water that occur as a result of essay rain can cause damage to fish rain other aquatic animals. Acid rain can also damage stained glass windows in churches, railway lines and steel bridges. However, the rain responsible for acid rain sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides do have an adverse effect. Acid rain causes severe читать статью to buildings and monuments because these are made of Calcium Carbonate stone; acid rain reacts with Calcium Carbonate and destroys it. But the term was most widely recognized only in Acid rain is rain form of rainfall which contains a high concentration of hydrogen ions and thus, it посетить страницу more acidic than normal acid. Natural phenomenon acid volcanoes and fossil fuel combustion also produce harmful gases which can cause acid acid.