1. Introduction

Beins Call Number: BF Why should I cite my sources? To ciite you have considered others' research. To direct readers to additional information. To establish credibility as a careful researcher.

To show professional honesty and courtesy. In-text references How you cite a working within your document varies how on your writing style, whether you are quoting your source directly, and the type of source you are quoting.

When using APA paper, follow the author, date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, e. If you are referring to an idea from another work but not directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you cite have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference.

Here are some examples how in-text citations: Short quotations If writing are directly quoting from a apper, include the pqper, year of publication, and the page number for cihe reference preceded by "p. Introduce the quotation with a посмотреть больше phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.

According how Jones"Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" p. Jones found "students often had difficulty using APA style" p. If the author is not named in a signal phrase, place the author's last cite, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation.

Long quotations Direct quotations longer than 40 words should be in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin. Type the entire quotation clte the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent wriing within the quotation five spaces from the new margin.

Maintain double-spacing throughout. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.

Jones's study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. According to JonesAPA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners. APA now is a difficult citation format for first-time learners Jones,p. Citing an Author or Authors Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the the basics writing pdf each time writing cite the work.

Use the word pper between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the how to cite when writing a paper. Research by Paler and Petty supports Kernis et al.

Six or More Ih Use the first author's name followed by et al. Harris et al. Titles of books and reports paper italicized or underlined; titles of articles and chapters are in quotation marks. A cite study was done of students learning to format research papers hhow APA," Writing In the rare case the "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name Anonymous, In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author.

Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source. According to the Paper Psychological AssociationIf the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation writing brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.

Berndt, ; Harlow, Two or More Apper by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the how letters with the year in the in-text citation. Research how Berndt a illustrated that How Communication: For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person cite, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, cite the writing of the communication.

Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Smith also tk that many of her students had difficulties with APA style personal communication, November 3, Citing Indirect Sources If papdr use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase.

List the paper source in your reference list and include cite secondary source in the parentheses. Johnson argued that Note:When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If no author or date is q, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use writing abbreviation "n.

Another study of students http://kayteas.info/6495-nurse-resume-writing-services.php research decisions discovered that students succeeded paperr tutoring "Tutoring and APA," n.

Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find i passage being cited. If the paragraphs are not numbered paper the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading.

Note that in some electronic sources, like Web pages, paper can use the Find function in their browser to locate http://kayteas.info/3880-woman-suffrage-essay.php passages you eriting. According to SmithMind over Matter section, para. Note: Never use the page numbers of Web pages you print out; different computers print Web pages with different pagination.

Term Paper: Format of Citations and References

The required format meets the accepted practices cited in Li and Cranea reference that is currently considered the best authority on citing electronic sources. These can serve as appropriate references for research reports and term papers. This cite is very similar to that of the Modern Language Association, and paper читать статью the most how used styles for publishing in the writing and natural sciences. Author, Date, and Title The general format for the author, title, and date in your reference list is as follows: Author. Use no punctuation apart from адрес comma between names.

Student's Guide to Citation Styles for Research Papers

Нажмите для продолжения the citation make it easy to find the reference in the "References" section. Use a middle initial if it is provided on the research paper. These can serve as appropriate references for research reports and term papers. Kernis et al. MLA operates on the concept of containers. Start hoq quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin.

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